Badminton is the world’s second most popular sport, commonly played and watched by people worldwide. You might be thinking that this racket sport is facile where you need to hit the shuttle across the net, but it isn’t so because it holds some official rules. Some heads and regulations are made by a governing body known as BWF (Badminton World Federation). And these rules are not only applied in international tournaments but are also applied in domestic tournaments.

This article is provided by Badminton Weekly:

A badminton match always begins with a toss and a legal service, where the rally starts.

Every match holds three-game sets, first to 21 points, and to win a match; a player has to win two sets out of these three.

And the whole match is played according to the rules and regulations that I have mentioned below:

1.     Court and court equipment

  • Badminton is played on a rectangular court, which is 44 feet long and 20 feet wide. (13,41m x 6,96m)
  • The lines on the court are usually marked with the help of white and yellow color.
  • All the lines shall be from part of the area that they define.
  • The net placed in the center of the court must be 20 feet long. (6,96m)
  • While the net height at the center is 1,524m, and its overall height in the sides is 1,55m.
  • The net’s top shall be edged with 75 mm white tape doubled over a cord or cable running through the tape.
  • And the cord shall be firmly stretched and flush with the top of the posts.
  • Also, there should be no gaps between the ends of the net and posts.

2.     Shuttle

  • If you are using a feathered shuttlecock, then it shall have 16 feathers fixed in the base.
  • The length of the feathers shall be between 62 mm to 70 mm.
  • Tips of the feathers shall lie on the circle with a diameter between 58 mm to 68 mm.
  • The feathers of the shuttlecock shall be bound together with the help of a thread or other suitable material.
  • The base of the shuttlecock must be round at the bottom, and its diameter shall be between 25 mm to 28 mm.
  • A feathered shuttlecock must weigh approx 5.50 grams.

3.     Racket

  • The length of a racket frame is approximately 680 mm, while the width of the racket frame is approximately 230 mm.
  • The handle is the part of the racket intended to be gripped by a player.
  • The stringed part of the racket is used to hit the shuttlecock.
  • The head bounds the stringed area.
  • The shaft connects the racket’s handle with its grip.

4.     Toss

  • A toss is made at the very beginning of the match.
  • The toss winner can decide whether he would like to serve or receive first.
  • The one who loses the toss gets the chance to choose the side of the court.

5.     Receiving

  • In badminton singles, the players must stand diagonally while performing a service, whereas, in doubles, the server must stand diagonally from the receiving player.
  • And in doubles, if the shuttlecock accidentally touches or hits the receiver’s partner, it is also counted as a fault.

6.     Service

  • A player must keep the shuttle below 1.15 meters from the ground. (Only in international tournaments) Below the waist for all other players.
  • While hitting the shuttle, your racket must contact only with the base position (which is made up of cork) instead of the feathers.
  • The shuttle must fly over the net to the opponent’s court.
  • If a server misses the shuttle while serving, it will be a service fault.

7.     Scoring System

  • A rally begins just after performing a service, and during this rally, a player scores when his opponent misses out on the shuttlecock or a shot.
  • A badminton match consists of the best three sets, first to 21, and to win the match, a player needs to win two sets out of three.
  • The side winning a rally adds a point to its score.
  • If the score becomes 20-all, the side which gains a two-point lead first shall win the game.
  • If the score becomes 29-all, the side scoring the 30th point shall win that game.
  • The side winning the set will get the chance to serve first in the next match.

8.     Changing Ends

  • The umpire (if any) calls for changing the ends after the completion of each set, for which the players get a 60-second break to change their sides.
  • In the last set, players change their ends when the score of any one side reaches 11.

9.     Specific rules for badminton singles

  • The Singles match begins with a score of 0-0.
  • When a server’s score is even, he/she needs to serve from the right side of the badminton court.
  • And if his score on the server is odd, he/she must serve from the court’s left side.
  • When a server wins a rally or scores a point, then he/she gets the chance to serve again.
  • And if a receiver wins a score or rally, he/she becomes a new server.

10. Specific rules for badminton doubles

  • The Doubles match also begins with a score of 0-0.
  • And after scoring a point, if the server’s score is even, he/she serves from the right side of the court, and when his/hers score is odd, he/she serves from the left side.
  • If the receiving side wins a rally, they become the new servers.
  • If the server-side scores a point or wins a rally, they again get to serve from the alternative court.
  • And players are not allowed to change their service court unless they win a point when their side gets a chance to serve.

11. Faults in Badminton

If you don’t want to give away some free points to your opponent, then you must avoid these faults on the court:

  • It will be considered a fault if you perform a service (hit the shuttle) above your waistline or 1.15m.
  • After service, if the shuttlecock does not land on the right side of the court, it will also be counted as a fault.
  • While serving, the player’s feet must be on the court and inside the boundaries.
  • A server must not move or run across the court while serving.
  • It´s not allowed to hit the shuttle on the opponent’s side of the net. (The racket can pass the net after hitting the shuttle on its own side.
  • Players are not allowed to obstruct their opponent while serving or playing.
  • If you hit the shuttle twice, it will also be a fault.
  • Also, your body should not touch the net during the match, as it is counted as a fault.

Important things to remember for a friendly match

Here are some official rules which you need to take care of while playing a competitive or friendly badminton match:

  • You cannot start a match or perform a service unless your opponent is ready.
  • While serving, your feet must be within the boundaries and should not be touching the boundary lines.
  • If a server misses the shuttlecock while serving, he cannot retry it. It will be counted as a service fault if he does so.
  • A player cannot fling or hold the shuttle for a long time.
  • One cannot hit the shuttle over the net before it enters his court.
  • Also, you cannot hold the racket near the net and disturb your opponent.


These were some basic badminton rules and regulations, which were generated and set up by BWF (Badminton World Federation).

And don’t just go through these rules, but also apply these rules to your game.

It will not only help you to become a good player but will also help you to enhance your game and skills.

This article is provided by Badminton Weekly:

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